Engler-Bunte-Institut | Wasserchemie und Wassertechnologie

1977-2009

2009

Tercero Espinoza, L.A., ter Haseborg, E., Weber, M., Frimmel, F.H., 2009. Investigation of the photocatalytic degradation of brown water natural organic matter by size exclusion chromatography. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 87 (1-2), 56-62.

Lankes, U., Mueller, M.B., Weber, M., Frimmel, F.H., 2009. Reconsidering the quantitative analysis of organic carbon concentrations in size exclusion chromatography. Water Research 43, 915-924.

Metzger, U., Lankes, U., Fischpera, K., Frimmel, F.H., 2009. The concentration of polysaccharides and proteins in EPS of Pseudomonas putida and Aureobasidum pullulans as revealed by (13)C CPMAS NMR spectroscopy. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 85 (1), 197-206.

Serikov, L.V., Tropina, E.A., Shiyan, L.N., Frimmel, F.H., Metreveli, G., Delay, M., 2009. Iron oxidation in different types of groundwater of Western Siberia. Journal of Soils and Sediments 9 (2), 103-110.

Tercero Espinoza, L.A., Frimmel, F.H., 2009. A simple simulation of the degradation of natural organic matter in homogenous and heterogeneous advanced oxidation processes. Water Research 43, 3902-3909.

Tercero Espinoza, L.A., Rembor, M., Arribas Matesanz, C., Heidt, A., Frimmel, F.H., 2009. Formation of bromoform in irradiated titanium dioxide suspensions with varying photocatalyst, dissolved organic carbon and bromide concentrations. Water Research 43, 4143-4148

Zwiener, C., Glauner, T., Sturm, J., Woerner, M., Frimmel, F.H., 2009. Electrochemical reduction of the iodinated contrast medium iomeprol: iodine mass balance and identification of transformation products. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 395 (6), 1885-1892.

 

2008

Iden, S.C., Delay, M., Frimmel, F.H., Durner, W., 2008. Assessing contaminant mobilization from waste materials: Application of Bayesian parameter estimation to batch extraction tests at varying liquid-to-solid ratios. Environmental Science & Technology 42 (10), 3717-3723.

Lankes, U., Luedemann, H.-D., Frimmel, F.H., 2008. Search for basic relationships between "molecular size" and "chemical structure" of aquatic natural organic matter - Answers from C-13 and N-15 CPMAS NMR spectroscopy. Water Research 42 (4-5), 1051-1060.

Nosyk, O., ter Haseborg, E., Metzger, U., Frimmel, F.H., 2008. A standardized pre-treatment method of biofilm flocs for fluorescence microscopic characterization. Journal of Microbiological Methods 75 (3), 449-456.

Saravia, F., Frimmel, F.H., 2008. Role of NOM in the performance of adsorption-membrane hybrid systems applied for the removal of phamaceuticals. Desalination 224, 168-171.

Schultz, N., Metreveli, G., Franzreb, M., Frimmel, F.H., Syldatk, C., 2008. Zeta potential measurement as a diagnostic tool in enzyme immobilisation. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces 66 (1), 39-44.

Tercero Espinoza, L.A., Frimmel, F.H., 2008. Formation of brominated products in irradiated titanium dioxide suspension containing bromide and dissolved organic carnon. Water Research 42 (6-7), 1778-1784.

Weisel, C.P., Richardson, S.D., Nemery, B., Aggazzotti, G., Baraldi, E., Blatchley, E.R., III, Blount, B.C., Carlsen, K.-H., Eggleston, P.A., Frimmel, F.H., Goodman, M., Gordon, G., Grinshpun, S.A., Heederik, D., Kogevinas, M., LaKind, J.S., Nieuwenhuijsen, M.J., Piper, F.C., Sattar, S.A., 2008. Childhood asthma and environmental exposures at swimming pools: state of the science and research recommendations. Environmental Health Perspectives 117 (4), 500-507.

Tercero Espinoza, L. A.; ter Haseborg, E., Weber, M., Frimmel, F. H., 2008. Investigation of the photocatalytic degradation of brown water natural organic matter by size exclusion chromatography. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental (in Press, accepted Aug 2008).

 

2007

Delay, M., Lager, T., Schulz, H.D., Frimmel, F.H., 2007. Comparison of leaching tests to determine and quantify the release of inorganic contaminants in demolition waste. Waste Management 27 (2), 248-255.

Metzger, U., Le-Clech, P., Stuetz, R.M., Frimmel, F.H., Chen, V., 2007. Characterisation of polymeric fouling in membrane bioreactors and the effect of different filtration modes. Journal of Membrane Science 301 (1-2), 180-189.

Saravia, F., Zwiener, C., Frimmel, F.H., 2007. Application of submerged membranes for the treatment of spent filter backwash water. Water Science and Technology 7 (5-6), 157-165.

ter Haseborg, E., Frimmel, F.H., 2007. Impact of selected pollutants in synthetic industrial wastewater on nitrifying biofilms in fixed bed biofilm reactors-visualized with fluorescence in-situ hybridization. Analytical Letters 40 (7), 1473-1486.

Tercero Espinoza, L.A., Neamtu, M., Frimmel, F.H., 2007. The effect of nitrate, Fe(III) and bicarbonate on the degradation of bisphenol A by simulated solar UV-irradiation. Water Research 41 (19), 4479-4487.

Zwiener, C., 2007. Occurrence and analysis of pharmaceuticals and their transformation products in drinking water treatment. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 387 (4), 1159-1162.

Zwiener, C., Richardson, S.D., De Marini, D.M., Grummt, T., Glauner, T., Frimmel, F.H., 2007. Drowning in disinfection byproducts? Assessing swimming pool water. Environmental Science & Technology 41, 363-372.

Lankes, U., Lüdemann, H.-D., Frimmel, F. H., 2007. Search for basic relationships between “molecular size” and “chemical structure” of aquatic natural organic matter – answers from 13C and 15N CPMAS NMR spectroscopy. Wat. Res., doi:10.1016/j.watres.2007.09.028.

 

2006

Frimmel, F.H., 2006. Drinking water, the most essential and not replacable foodstuff - legal situation and assessment. Acta Biologica Szegediensis 50 (3-4), 97-104.

Gao, B.Y., Abbt-Braun, G., Frimmel, F.H., 2006. Preparation and evaluation of polyaluminium chloride sulfate (PACS) as a coagulant to remove natural organic matter from water. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 34, 491-497.

Jahnel, J., Neamtu, M., Schudoma, D., Frimmel, F.H., 2006. Bestimmung von Umweltqualitätsnormen für potentiell gewässerrelevante Stoffe. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 34, 389-397.

Lager, T., Delay, M., Karius, V., Hamer, K., Frimmel, F.H., Schulz, H.D., 2006. Determination and quantification of the release of inorganic contaminants from municipal waste incineration ash. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 34 (1-2), 73-85.

Metzger, U., Lankes, U., Hardy, E.H., Gordalla, B.C., Frimmel, F.H., 2006. Monitoring the formation of an Aureobasidium pullulans biofilm in a bead-packed reactor via flow-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. Biotechnology Letters 28 (16), 1305-1311.

Neamtu, M., Frimmel, F.H., 2006. Degradation of endocrine disrupting bisphenol A by 254 nm irradiation in different water matrices and effect on yeast cells. Water Research 40 (20), 3745-3750.

Neamtu, M., Frimmel, F.H., 2006. Photodegradation of endocrine disrupting chemical nonylphenol by simulated solar UV-irradiation. Science of the Total Environment 369 (1-3), 295-306.

Saravia, F., Zwiener, C., Frimmel, F.H., 2006. Interactions between membrane surface, dissolved organic substances and ions in submerged membrane filtration. Desalination 192 (1-3), 280-287.

Ziegmann, M., Doll, T., Frimmel, F.H., 2006. Matrix effects on the photocatalytical degradation of dichloroacetic acid and atrazine in water. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 34 (1-2), 146-154.

 

2005

Allpike, B.P., Heitz, A., Joll, C.A., Kagi, R.I., Abbt-Braun, G., Frimmel, F.H., Brinkmann, T., Her, N., Amy, G., 2005. Size exclusion chromatography to characterize DOC removal in drinking water treatment. Environmental Science & Technology 39 (7), 2334-2342.

Doll, T.E., Frimmel, F.H., 2005. Cross-flow microfiltration with periodical back-washing for photocatalytic degradation of pharmaceutical and diagnostic residues-evaluation of the long-term stability of the photocatalytic activity of TiO2. Water Research 39 (5), 847-854.

Doll, T.E., Frimmel, F.H., 2005. Photocatalytic degradation of carbamazepine, clofibric acid and iomeprol with P25 and Hombikat UV100 in the presence of natural organic matter (NOM) and other organic water constituents. Water Research 39 (2-3), 403-411.

Doll, T.E., Frimmel, F.H., 2005. Removal of selected persistent organic pollutants by heterogeneous photocatalysis in water. Catalysis Today 101 (3-4), 195-202.

Glauner, T., Kunz, F., Zwiener, C., Frimmel, F.H., 2005. Elimination of swimming pool water disinfection by-products with advanced oxidation processes (AOPs). Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 33 (6), 585-594.

Glauner, T., Waldmann, P., Frimmel, F.H., Zwiener, C., 2005. Swimming pool water - fractionation and genotoxicological characterization of organic constituents. Water Research 39 (18), 4494-4502.

Hörsch, P., Gorenflo, A., Fuder, C., Deleage, A., Frimmel, F.H., 2005. Biofouling of ultra- and nanofiltration membranes for drinking water treatment characterized by fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH). Desalination 172, 41-52.

Metreveli, G., Kaulisch, E.M., Frimmel, F.H., 2005. Coupling of a column system with ICP-MS for the characterisation of colloid-mediated metal(loid) transport in porous media. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 33 (4), 337-345.

Zwiener, C., Richardson, S.D., 2005. Analysis of disinfection by-products in drinking water by LC-MS and related MS techniques. TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry 24 (7), 613-621.

 

2004

Abbt-Braun, G., Lankes, U., Frimmel, F.H., 2004. Structural characterization of aquatic humic substances - The need for a multiple method approach. Aquatic Sciences 66 (2), 151-170.

Brinkmann, T., Abbt-Braun, G., Karle, E., Hesse, S., Lungar, N., Frimmel, F.H., 2004. Transformation of wastewater-derived dissolved organic matter below leaky sewers - Fate of amino acids and carbohydrates. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 32 (4-5), 316-327.

Doll, T.E., Frimmel, F.H., 2004. Development of easy and reproducible immobilization techniques using TiO2 for photocatalytic degradation of aquatic pollutants. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 32 (3), 201-213.

Doll, T.E., Frimmel, F.H., 2004. Kinetic study of photocatalytic degradation of carbamazepine, clofibric acid, iomeprol and iopromide assisted by different TiO2 materials - determination of intermediates and reaction pathways. Water Research 38 (4), 955-964.

Frimmel, F.H., Saravia, F., Gorenflo, A., 2004. NOM removal from different raw waters by membrane filtration. Water Science and Technology 4, 165-174.

Müller, M.B., Dausend, C., Weins, C., Frimmel, F.H., 2004. A new bioautographic screening method for the detection of estrogenic compounds. Chromatographia 60 (3-4), 207-211.

Müller, M.B., Fritz, W., Lankes, U., Frimmel, F.H., 2004. Ultrafiltration of nonionic surfactants and dissolved organic matter. Environmental Science & Technology 38 (4), 1124-1132.

Zwiener, C., 2004. Gekoppelte Massenspektrometrie für die Wasseranalyse. Nachr. Chemie 52, 156-160.

Zwiener, C., Frimmel, F.H., 2004. LC-MS analysis in the aquatic environment and in water treatment - a critical review - Part I: Instrumentation and general aspects of analysis and detection. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 378 (4), 851-861.

Zwiener, C., Frimmel, F.H., 2004. LC-MS analysis in the aquatic environment and in water treatment technology - a critical review - Part II: Applications for emerging contaminants and related pollutants, microorganisms and humic acids. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 378 (4), 862-874.

 

2003

Bissen, M., Frimmel, F.H., 2003. Arsenic - a review. - Part 1: Occurrence, toxicity, speciation, mobility. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 31 (1), 9-18.

Bissen, M., Frimmel, F.H., 2003. Arsenic - a review. Part II: Oxidation of arsenic and its removal in water treatment. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 31 (2), 97-107.

Brinkmann, T., Abbt-Braun, G., Frimmel, F.H., 2003. Alkaline degradation of dissolved organic matter. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 31, 1-12.

Brinkmann, T., Hörsch, P., Sartorius, D., Frimmel, F.H., 2003. Photoformation of low-molecular-weight organic acids from brown water dissolved organic matter. Environmental Science & Technology 37 (18), 4190-4198.

Brinkmann, T., Sartorius, D., Frimmel, F.H., 2003. Photobleaching of humic rich dissolved organic matter. Aquatic Sciences 65, 1-10.

Deger, A.B., Gremm, T.J., Frimmel, F.H., Mendez, L., 2003. Optimization and application of SPME for the gas chromatographic determination of endosulfan and its major metabolites in the ng L-1 range in aqueous solutions. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 376 (1), 61-68.

Doll, T.E., Frimmel, F.H., 2003. Fate of pharmaceuticals-photodegradation by simulated solar UV-light. Chemosphere 52 (10), 1757-1769.

Frimmel, F.H., 2003. Water technology for specific water usage. Environmental Science and Pollution Research (ESPR) - International 10, 408-413.

Goel, A., Müller, M.B., Sharma, M., Frimmel, F.H., 2003. Biodegradation of nonylphenol ethoxylate surfactants in biofilm reactors. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 31 (2), 108-119.

Gorenflo, A., Li, Y., Frimmel, F.H., 2003. Improved biodegradability of ligninsulfonic acid and wastewater after ozonation. Engineering in Life Sciences 3, 11-16.

Hörsch, P., Speck, A., Frimmel, F.H., 2003. Combined advanced oxidation and biodegradation of industrial effluents from the production of stilbene-based fluorescent whitening agents. Water Research 37 (11), 2748-2756.

Perminova, I.V., Frimmel, F.H., Kudryavtsev, A.V., Kulikova, N.A., Abbt-Braun, G., Hesse, S., Petrosyan, V.S., 2003. Molecular weight characteristics of humic substances from different environments as determined by size exclusion chromatography and their statistical evaluation. Environmental Science & Technology 37 (11), 2477-2485.

Prager, L., Mark, G., Matzing, H., Paur, H.R., Schubert, J., Frimmel, F.H., Hesse, S., Schuchmann, H.P., Schuchmann, M.N., Von Sonntag, C., 2003. Electron-beam treatment of aromatic hydrocarbons that can be air-stripped from contaminated groundwater. 2. Gas-phase studies. Environmental Science & Technology 37 (2), 379-385.

Schmitt, D., Frimmel, F.H., 2003. Ligand exchange rate of metal-NOM complexes by EDTA. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 10 (1), 9-12.

Schmitt, D., Saravia, F., Frimmel, F.H., Schuessler, W., 2003. NOM-facilitated transport of metal ions in aquifers: importance of complex-dissociation kinetics and colloid formation. Water Research 37 (15), 3541-3550.

Wernert, V., Frimmel, F.H., Behra, P., 2003. Mercury transport through a porous medium in presence of natural organic matter. Journal De Physique Iv 107, 1361-1364.

Zwiener, C., Frimmel, F.H., 2003. Short-term tests with a pilot sewage plant and biofilm reactors for the biological degradation of the pharmaceutical compounds clofibric acid, ibuprofen, and diclofenac. Science of the Total Environment 309 (1-3), 201-211.

Zwiener, C., Glauner, T., Frimmel, F.H., 2003. LC-ESI/MS/MS analysis with derivatization applied to polar disinfection by-products in water treatment. Water Supply 3 (1-2), 321-328.

 

2002

Balcke, G.U., Kulikova, N.A., Hesse, S., Kopinke, F.D., Perminova, I.V., Frimmel, F.H., 2002. Adsorption of humic substances onto kaolin clay related to their structural features. Soil Science Society of America Journal 66 (6), 1805-1812.

Bekloitis, G.T., Samaras, P., Sakellaropoulos, G., Frimmel, F.H., 2002. Leaching based assessment of the ecotoxicity of fly ashes and sediments. Environmental Science and Pollution Research Special Issue 3, 172.

Brinkmann, T., Specht, C.H., Frimmel, F.H., 2002. Non-linear calibration functions in ion chromatography with suppressed conductivity detection using hydroxide eluents. Journal of Chromatography A 957 (2), 99-109.

Frimmel, F.H., Assenmacher, M., Kumke, M.U., Specht, C., Abbt-Braun, G., Gräbe, G., 2002. Removal of hydrophilic compounds from water with organic polymers - Part II: Adsorption behavior of industrial wastewater. Chemical Engineering and Processing 41 (9), 731-736.

Frimmel, F.H., Bissen, M., 2002. Arsenic threat in aquatic systems. Environmental Science and Pollution Research (ESPR) - International Special Issue 3, 59.

Gorenflo, A., Li, Y., Frimmel, F.H., 2002. Erhöhung der biologischen Abbaubarkeit von organischen Wasserinhaltsstoffen durch Ozonung am Beispiel von Ligninsulfonsäure und dem Kläranlagenablauf einer Papierfabrik. Chemie Ingenieur Technik 74 (4), 512-517

Gorenflo, A., Velázquez-Padrón, D., Frimmel, F.H., 2002. Nanofiltration of a German ground water of high hardness and NOM content: Performance and costs. Desalination 151, 253-265

Gremm, T.J., Heidt, A., Frimmel, F.H., 2002. Qualität russischer Flüsse. Chemie in unserer Zeit 4, 227-239.

Mourabit, F., Deger, A.B., Gremm, T.J., Ouassini, A., Frimmel, F.H., 2002. Reduction of matrix-effects in pesticide analysis with gas chromatography-ion trap mass spectrometry (GC/ITD-MS) by clean-up processes. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 30, 108-116.

Müller, M.B., Frimmel, F.H., 2002. A new concept for the fractionation of DOM as a basis for its combined chemical and biological characterization. Water Research 36 (10), 2643-2655.

Ohlenbusch, G., Zwiener, C., Meckenstock, R.U., Frimmel, F.H., 2002. Identification and quantification of polar naphthalene derivatives in contaminated groundwater of a former gas plant site by LC-ESI/MS/MS. Journal of Chromatography A 967 (2), 201-207.

Schmitt, D., Taylor, H.E., Aiken, G.R., Roth, D.A., Frimmel, F.H., 2002. Influence of natural organic matter on the adsorption of metal ions onto clay minerals. Environmental Science & Technology 36 (13), 2932-2938.

Wong, S., Hanna, J.V., King, S., Carroll, T.J., Eldridge, R.J., Dixon, D.R., Bolto, B.A., Hesse, S., Abbt-Braun, G., Frimmel, F.H., 2002. Fractionation of natural organic matter in drinking water and characterization by C-13 cross-polarization magic-angle spinning NMR spectroscopy and size exclusion chromatography. Environmental Science & Technology 36 (16), 3497-3503.

Zwiener, C., Glauner, T., Frimmel, F.H., 2002. Method optimization for the measurement of carbonyl compounds in disinfected water by DNPH derivatization and LC-ESI/MS/MS. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 372, 615-621.

Zwiener, C., Seeger, S., Glauner, T., Frimmel, F.H., 2002. Metabolites of the biodegradation of the pharmaceutical residues of ibuprofen in biofilmreactors and batch experiments. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 372, 569-575.

 

2001

Bissen, M., Vieillard-Baron, M.-M., Schindelin, A.J., Frimmel, F.H., 2001. TiO2-catalyzed photooxidation of arsenite(III) to arsenate(V) in aqueous samples. Chemosphere 44, 751-757.

Jahnel, J., Zwiener, C., Gremm, T.J., Abbt-Braun, G., Frimmel, F.H., Kussatz, C., Schudoma, D., Rocker, W., 2001. Zielvorgaben für Pflanzenschutzmittelwirkstoffe und andere Schadstoffe in Oberflächengewässern. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 29 (4), 246-253.

Kumke, M.U., Specht, C.H., Brinkmann, T., Frimmel, F.H., 2001. Alkaline hydrolysis of humic substances - spectroscopic and chromatographic investigations. Chemosphere 45 (6-7), 1023-1031.

Monsallier, J.M., Scherbaum, F.J., Buckau, G., Kim, J.I., Kumke, M.U., Specht, C.H., Frimmel, F.H., 2001. Influence of photochemical reactions on the complexation of humic acid with europium(III). Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry 138 (1), 55-63.

Ohlenbusch, G., Frimmel, F.H., 2001. Investigations on the sorption of phenols to dissolved organic matter by a QSAR study. Chemosphere 45 (3), 323-327.

Schmitt, D., Müller, A., Csogor, Z., Frimmel, F.H., Posten, C., 2001. The adsorption kinetics of metal ions onto different microalgae and siliceous earth. Water Research 35 (3), 779-785.

Sörensen, M., Reichert, H., Frimmel, F.H., 2001. Influence of oxidative treatment on the AOX-formation potential of aromatic sulfonates. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 29 (5), 301-308.

Specht, C.H., Frimmel, F.H., 2001. An in situ ATR-FTIR study on the adsorption of dicarboxylic acids onto kaolinite in aqueous suspensions. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 3 (24), 5444-5449.

 

2000

Bissen, M., Frimmel, F.H., 2000. Speciation of As(III), As(V), MMA and DMA in contaminated soil extracts by HPLC-ICP/MS. Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry 367 (1), 51-55.

Bissen, M., Gremm, T., Koklu, U., Frimmel, F.H., 2000. Use of the anion-exchange resin amberlite IRA-93 for the separation of arsenite and arsenate in aqueous samples. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 28 (1), 41-46.

Deger, A.B., Gremm, T.J., Frimmel, F.H., 2000. Problems and solutions in pesticide analysis using solid-phase extraction (SPE) and gas chromatography ion-trap mass spectrometry detection (GC-MS). Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 28 (6), 292-299.

Frimmel, F.H., Zwiener, C., Kleiser, G., 2000. Oxidationsverfahren in der Wasseraufbereitung. Nachrichten aus der Chemie 48, 32-35.

Gremm, T.J., Frimmel, F.H., 2000. Characterization of AOX by fractionation analysis and size-exclusion chromatography. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 28 (4), 202-211.

Kleiser, G., Frimmel, F.H., 2000. Removal of precursors for disinfection by-products (DBPs) - differences between ozone- and OH-radical-induced oxidation. Science of the Total Environment 256 (1), 1-9.

Ko, Y.W., Abbt-Braun, G., Frimmel, F.H., 2000. Effect of preozonation on the formation of chlorinated disinfection by-products for river Ruhr. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 28 (5), 256-261.

Ko, Y.W., Gremm, T.J., Abbt-Braun, G., Frimmel, F.H., Chiang, P.C., 2000. Determination of dichloroacetic acid and trichloroacetic acid by liquid-liquid extraction and ion chromatography. Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry 366 (3), 244-248.

Kumke, M.U., Frimmel, F.H., Ariese, F., Gooijer, C., 2000. Fluorescence of humic acids (HA) and pyrene-HA complexes at ultra-low temperature. Environmental Science & Technology 34 (17), 3818-3823.

Langhals, H., Abbt-Braun, G., Frimmel, F.H., 2000. Association of humic substances: Verification of Lambert-Beer’s law. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 28 (6), 329-332.

Müller, M.B., Schmitt, D., Frimmel, F.H., 2000. Fractionation of natural organic matter by size exclusion chromatography - Properties and stability of fractions. Environmental Science & Technology 34 (23), 4867-4872.

Ohlenbusch, G., Kumke, M.U., Frimmel, F.H., 2000. Sorption of phenols to dissolved organic matter investigated by solid phase microextraction. Science of the Total Environment 253 (1-3), 63-74.

Schindelin, A.J., Frimmel, F.H., 2000. Nitrate and natural organic matter in aqueous solutions irradiated by simulated sunlight - Influence on the degradation of the pesticides dichlorprop and terbutylazine. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 7 (4), 205-210.

Schmitt, D., Mueller, M.B., Frimmel, F.H., 2000. Metal distribution in different size fractions of natural organic matter. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 28 (7), 400-410.

Specht, C.H., Frimmel, F.H., 2000. Specific interactions of organic substances in size-exclusion chromatography. Environmental Science & Technology 34 (11), 2361-2366.

Specht, C.H., Kumke, M.U., Frimmel, F.H., 2000. Characterization of NOM adsorption to clay minerals by size exclusion chromatography. Water Research 34 (16), 4063-4069.

Win, Y.Y., Kumke, M.U., Specht, C.H., Schindelin, A.J., Kolliopoulos, G., Ohlenbusch, G., Kleiser, G., Hesse, S., Frimmel, F.H., 2000. Influence of oxidation of dissolved organic matter (DOM) on subsequent water treatment processes. Water Research 34 (7), 2098-2104.

Zwiener, C., Frimmel, F.H., 2000. Oxidative treatment of pharmaceuticals in water. Water Research 34 (6), 1881-1885.

Zwiener, C., Glauner, T., Frimmel, F.H., 2000. Biodegradation of pharmaceutical residues investigated by SPE-GC/ITD-MS and on-line derivatization. Journal of High Resolution Chromatography (HRC) 23 (7-8), 474-478.

 

1999

Abbt-Braun, G., Frimmel, F.H., 1999. Basic characterization of Norwegian NOM samples - Similarities and differences. Environment International 25 (2-3), 161-180.

Doll, T.E., Frimmel, F.H., Kumke, M.U., Ohlenbusch, G., 1999. Interaction between natural organic matter (NOM) and polycyclic aromatic compounds (PAC) - comparison of fluorescence quenching and solid phase micro extraction (SPME). Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry 364 (4), 313-319.

Frimmel, F.H., Abbt-Braun, G., 1999. Basic characterization of reference NOM from Central Europe - Similarities and differences. Environment International 25 (2-3), 191-207.

Frimmel, F.H., Assenmacher, M., Sörensen, M., Abbt-Braun, G., Grabe, G., 1999. Removal of hydrophilic pollutants from water with organic adsorption polymers - Part I. Adsorption behaviour of selected model compounds. Chemical Engineering and Processing 38 (4-6), 601-610.

Frimmel, F.H., Assenmacher, M., Sörensen, M., Abbt-Braun, G., Gräbe, G., 1999. Removal of hydrophilic pollutions from water with organic absorption polymers. Chemical Engineering and Processing 38, 601-610.

Gül, S., Abbt-Braun, G., Frimmel, F.H., 1999. Fractionation and characterization of ozonated and post chlorinated aquatic fulvic acid using gel chromatography. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry 75 (3), 275-284.

Hesse, S., Frimmel, F.H., 1999. Biochemical characterization of refractory organic substances. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 27 (2), 94-97.

Hesse, S., Kleiser, G., Frimmel, F.H., 1999. Characterization of refractory organic substances (ROS) in water treatment. Water Science and Technology 40 (9), 1-7.

Korshin, G.V., Kumke, M.U., Li, C.-W., Frimmel, F.H., 1999. Influence of chlorination on chromophores and flurophores in humic substances. Environmental Science & Technology 33 (8), 1207-1212.

Kumke, M.U., Zwiener, C., Abbt-Braun, G., Frimmel, F.H., 1999. Spectroscopic characterization of fulvic acid fractions of a contaminated groundwater. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 27 (6), 409-415.

Müller, M.B., Zwiener, C., Frimmel, F.H., 1999. Sample cleanup and reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic analysis of polar aromatic compounds in groundwater samples from a former gas plant. Journal of Chromatography A 862, 137-145.

Schmitt, D., Kumke, M., Seibel, F., Frimmel, F.H., 1999. The influence of natural organic matter (NOM) on the desorption kinetics of pyrene and naphthalene from quartz. Chemosphere 38 (12), 2807-2824.

Zwiener, C., Kumke, M.U., Abbt-Braun, G., Frimmel, F.H., 1999. Adsorbed and bound residues in fulvic acid fractions of a contaminated groundwater - Isolation, chromatographic and spectroscopic characterization. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 27 (4), 208-213.

 

1998

Frimmel, F.H., 1998. Characterization of natural organic matter as major constituents in aquatic systems. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology 35 (1-3), 201-216.

Frimmel, F.H., 1998. Impact of light on the properties of aquatic natural organic matter. Environment International 24 (5-6), 559-571.

Frimmel, F.H., Jahnel, J., Hesse, S., 1998. Characterization of biogenic organic matter (BOM). Water Science and Technology 37 (2), 97-103.

Jahnel, J.B., Ilieva, P., Frimmel, F.H., 1998. HPAE-PAD - a sensitive method for the determination of carbohydrates. Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry 360 (7-8), 827-829.

Kumke, M.U., Abbt-Braun, G., Frimmel, F.H., 1998. Time-resolved fluorescence measurements of aquatic natural organic matter (NOM). Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 26 (2), 73-81.

Kumke, M.U., Tiseanu, C., Abbt-Braun, G., Frimmel, F.H., 1998. Fluorescence decay of natural organic matter (NOM)-influence of fractionation, oxidation, and metal ion complexation. Journal of Fluorescence 8 (4), 309-318.

Maurer, A., Frimmel, F.H., Eitel, W., 1998. Comparative assessment of accelerated leaching methods for on-site verification testing of special waste. Field Analytical Chemistry and Technology 2 (4), 195-203.

Ohlenbusch, G., Hesse, S., Frimmel, F.H., 1998. Effects of ozone treatment on the soil organic matter on contaminated sites. Chemosphere 37 (8), 1557-1569.

Perminova, I.V., Frimmel, F.H., Kovalevskii, D.V., Abbt-Braun, G., Kudryavtsev, A.V., Hesse, S., 1998. Development of a predictive model for calculation of molecular weight of humic substances. Water Research 32 (3), 872-881.

Sörensen, M., Zurell, S., Frimmel, F.H., 1998. Degradation pathway of the photochemical oxidation of ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA) in the UV/H2O2-process. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 26 (2), 109-115.

Tiseanu, C.D., Kumke, M.U., Frimmel, F.H., Klenze, R., Kim, J.I., 1998. Time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy of fulvic acid and fulvic acid complexed with Eu3+ - a comparative study. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry 117 (3), 175-184.

Zwiener, C., Frimmel, F.H., 1998. Application of headspace GC/MS screening and general parameters for the analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in groundwater samples. Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry 360 (7-8), 820-823.

 

1997

Edler, B., Zwiener, C., Frimmel, F.H., 1997. Particle beam LC/MS screening of polar compounds of contaminated ground water samples from a former gas plant. Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry 359 (3), 288-292.

Sörensen, M., Frimmel, F.H., 1997. Photochemical degradation of hydrophilic xenobiotics in the UV/H2O2 process: Influence of nitrate on the degradation rate of EDTA, 2-amino-1-naphthalenesulfonate, diphenyl-4-sulfonate and 4,4'-diaminostilbene-2,2'-disulfonate. Water Research 31 (11), 2885-2891.

Tiehm, A., Stieber, M., Werner, P., Frimmel, F.H., 1997. Surfactant-enhanced mobilization and biodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in manufactured gas plant soil. Environmental Science & Technology 31 (9), 2570-2576.

 

1996

Ertl, S., Seibel, F., Eichinger, L., Frimmel, F.H., Kettrup, A., 1996. Determination of the 13C/12C isotope ratio of organic compounds for the biological degradation of tetrachloroethene (PCE) and trichloroethane (TCE). Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 24 (1), 16-21.

Frimmel, F.H., Huber, L., 1996. Influence of humic substances on the aquatic adsorption of heavy metals on defined mineral phases. Environment International 22 (5), 507-517.

Gräbe, G., Frimmel, F.H., 1996. Reaktion von Sedimenten unterschiedlicher Herkunft unter oxidierenden Bedingungen in Abhängigkeit vom pH-Wert. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 24, 161-167.

Hessler, D.P., Frimmel, F.H., Oliveros, E., Braun, A.M., 1996. Quenching of singlet oxygen (1Dg) by humic substances. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology 36, 55-60.

Jahnel, J.B., Frimmel, F.H., 1996. Detection of glucosamine in the acid hydrolysis solution of humic substances. Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry 354 (7-8), 886-888.

Seibel, F., Heidenreich, S., Frimmel, F.H., 1996. Interaction of humic substances and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) during the biodegradation of PAHs. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 24 (6), 260-266.

Sörensen, M., Frimmel, F.H., 1996. Photochemical degradation of hydrophilic xenobiotics in the UV/H2O2-process. Influence of bicarbonate on the degradation rate of EDTA, 2-amino-1-naphtalene-sulfonate, diphenyl-4-sulfonate and 4,4´-diaminostilbene-2,2´-disulfonate. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 24, 185-188.

Sörensen, M., Tanner, U., Sagawe, G., Frimmel, F.H., 1996. Photochemical degradation of hydrophilic xenobiotics in the UV/H2O2-process. Influence of humic matter on the degradation rate of 2-amino-1-naphthalenesulfonate and ethylenediaminetetraacetate. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 24 (3), 132-136.

 

1995

Jahnel, J.B., Frimmel, F.H., 1995. Enzymatic release of amino acids from different humic substances. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 23 (1), 31-35.

Scheck, C.K., Frimmel, F.H., 1995. Degradation of phenol and salicylic acid by ultraviolet radiation/hydrogen peroxide/ oxygen. Water Research 29 (10), 2346-2352.

Sörensen, M., Frimmel, F.H., 1995. Photodegradation of EDTA and NTA in the UV/H2O2 process. Zeitschrift für Naturforschung B. A Journal of Chemical Sciences 50 (12), 1845-1853.

Seibel, F., Stieber, M., Werner, P., Frimmel, F. H., 1995. Characterisation of degradation products of PAH contaminated soil after ozone treatment. SPIE-proceedings of Environmental Monitoring and Hazardous Waste Site Remediation, 2504, 86-97.

 

1994

Abbt-Braun, G., Johannsen, K., Kleiser, M., Frimmel, F.H., 1994. Adsorption behaviour of humic substances on activated carbon: Comparison with the physical and chemical character of material from different origin. Environment International 20 (3), 397-403.

Belkin, S., Stieber, M., Tiehm, A., Frimmel, F.H., Abeliovich, A., Werner, P., Ulitzur, S., 1994. Toxicity and genotoxicity enhancement during polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons’ biodegradation. Environmental Toxicology and Water Quality 9 (4), 303-309.

Frimmel, F.H., 1994. Photochemical aspects related to humic substances. Environment International 20 (3), 373-385.

Frimmel, F.H., Gremm, T., 1994. The importance of element speciation water analysis - a plea for further investigations. Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry 350, 7-13.

Gremm, T.J., Frimmel, F.H., 1994. Application of liquid chromatography-particle beam mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the identification of metabolites of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Chromatographia 38 (11/12), 781-788.

Hessler, D.P., Frimmel, F.H., Oliveros, E., Braun, A.M., 1994. Solvent isotope effect on the rate constants of singlet-oxygen quenching by edta and its metal complexes. Helvetica Chimica Acta 77 (3), 859-868.

Huber, S.A., Balz, A., Frimmel, F.H., 1994. Identification of diffuse and point sources of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in a small stream (Alb, Southwest Germany), using gel filtration chromatography with high-sensitivity DOC-detection. Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry 350 (7-9), 496-503.

Huber, S.A., Frimmel, F.H., 1994. Direct gel chromatographic characterization and quantification of marine dissolved organic carbon using high-sensitivity DOC detection. Environmental Science & Technology 28 (6), 1194-1197.

Jahnel, J.B., Frimmel, F.H., 1994. Comparison of the enzyme inhibition effect of different humic substances in aqueous solutions. Chemical Engineering and Processing 33 (5), 325-330.

Jahnel, J.B., Mahlich, B., Frimmel, F.H., 1994. Beeinflussung der Enzymaktivität einer Protease durch Huminstoffe. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 22 (3), 109-116.

Stieber, M., Haeseler, F., Werner, P., Frimmel, F.H., 1994. A rapid screening method for micro-organisms degrading polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in microplates. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 40 (5), 753-755.

Lipp, P., Gimbel, R., Frimmel, F. H., 1994. Parameters influencing the rejection properties of FT30 membranes. Journal of Membrane Science 95, 185-197.

 

1993

Frimmel, F.H., Huber, S.A., Gremm, T., 1993. The role of organic matter in natural aquatic systems: Analytical constraints. Chemistry and Ecology 8, 153-169.

Frimmel, F.H., Schmiedel, U., 1993. Pyrolysis GC/MS identification of halogenated furandiones and other products from chlorinated aqueous humic solutions. Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry 346 (6-9), 707-710.

Hambsch, B., Schmiedel, U., Werner, P., Frimmel, F.H., 1993. Investigations on the biodegradability of chlorinated fulvic acids. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 21 (3), 167-173.

Hambsch, B., Werner, P., Maeckle, H., Frimmel, F.H., 1993. Degradation of algal exudates by mixed bacterial biocenoses. Water Science and Technology 27 (7/8), 249-257.

Hessler, D.P., Gorenflo, V., Frimmel, F.H., 1993. Degradation of aqueous atrazine and metazachlor solutions by UV and UV/H2O2; influence of pH and herbicide concentration. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 21 (4), 209-214.

Hessler, D.P., Gorenflo, V., Frimmel, F.H., 1993. UV degradation of atrazine and metazachlor in the absence and presence of hydrogen H2O2 bicarbonate and humic substances. Journal of Water Supply: Research and Technology - Aqua 42 (1), 8-12.

Jahnel, J.B., Schmiedel, U., Abbt-Braun, G., Frimmel, F.H., 1993. Anwendung einer enzymatischen Methode zur Chakterisierung von Huminstoffen. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 21, 43-50.

Merkel, W., Boehler, E., Frimmel, F.H., 1993. Zum Einfluß von Sauerstoffkonzentration und pH-Wert bei der hetereotrophen Denitrifikation. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 21, 249-257.

Schullerer, S., Frimmel, F.H., 1993. Characterization of organic sulfur compounds in surface water by ion pair adsorption under different conditions. Analytica Chimica Acta 283 (1), 251-257.

 

1992

Frimmel, F.H., Gremm, T., Huber, S., 1992. Liquid chromatographic characterization of refractory organic acids. Science of the Total Environment 118, 197-206.

Gremm, T.J., Frimmel, F.H., 1992. Determination of organotin compounds in aqueous samples by means of HPGC-AED. Water Research 26 (9), 1163-1169.

Hambsch, B., Werner, P., Frimmel, F.H., 1992. Bakterienvermehrungsmessungen in aufbereiteten Wässern verschiedener Herkunft. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 20, 9-14.

Huber, S., Frimmel, F.H., 1992. A liquid chromatographic system with multidetection for the direct determination of hydrophilic organic compounds in natural waters. Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry 342, 198-200.

Huber, S.A., Frimmel, F.H., 1992. A new method for the characterization of organic carbon in aquatic systems. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry 49 (1-2), 49-57.

Huber, S.A., Scheunert, I., Doerfler, U., Frimmel, F.H., 1992. Zum Einfluß des gelösten organischen Kohlenstoffs (DOC) auf das Mobilitätsverhalten einiger Pestizide. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 20, 74-81.

Scheck, C.F., Frimmel, F.H., Braun, A.M., 1992. Metallionen als Löscher der Huminstoff-Lumineszenz. Zeitschrift für Naturforschung B. A Journal of Chemical Sciences 47, 399-405.

 

1991

Frimmel, F.H., Weis, M., 1991. Ageing effects of high molecular weight organic acids which can be isolated from landfill leachates. Water Science and Technology 23, 419-426.

Huber, S.A., Frimmel, F.H., 1991. Flow injection analysis for organic and inorganic carbon in the low-ppb range. Analytical Chemistry 63, 2122-2130.

Raue, B., Brauch, H.J., Frimmel, F.H., 1991. Determination of sulphate in natural waters by inductively coupled plasma/emission spectrometry - comparative studies with ion chromatography. Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry 340, 395-398.

 

1990

Abbt-Braun, G., Frimmel, F.H., 1990. Restmetallgehalte isolierter Huminstoffe aus Erde, Moor und Deponie. Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica 18 (6), 649-656.

Weis, M., Frimmel, F.H., 1990. Interaction between monovalent and multivalent metals and fulvic acids - A streaming current detection study. Zeitschrift für Naturforschung B. A Journal of Chemical Sciences 45 (6), 887-891.

Rödelsperger, M., Rohmann, U., Frimmel, F. H., 1990. A stationary packer system for layerwise groundwater sampling in monitoring wells - technique and results. Wat. Sci. Tech. 23, 545-553.

 

1989

Abbt-Braun, G., Frimmel, F.H., Schulten, H.R., 1989. Structural investigations of aquatic humic substances by pyrolysis-field ionization mass spectrometry and pyrolysis-gas chromatography / mass spectrometry. Water Research 23 (12), 1579-1591.

Weis, M., Abbt-Braun, G., Frimmel, F.H., 1989. Humic-like substances from landfill-leachates - characterization and comparison with terrestrial and aquatic humic substances. Science of the Total Environment 81 (2), 343-352.

Weis, M., Frimmel, F.H., 1989. Electrochemical determination of the anionic particle charge of aquatic fulvic acids. Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry 335 (8), 927-930.

 

1988

Frimmel, F.H., Grenz, R., Kordik, E., 1988. Phosphor in Fließgewässern und seine analytische Bestimmung. Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry 331, 253-259.

 

1987

Frimmel, F.H., Bauer, H., 1987. Influence of Photochemical Reactions on the Optical Properties of Aquatic Humic Substances Gained from Fall Leaves. Science of the Total Environment 62, 139-148.

Frimmel, F.H., Bauer, H., Putzien, J., Murasecco, P., Braun, A.M., 1987. Laser Flash Photolysis of Dissolved Aquatic Humic Material and the Sensitized Production of Singlet Oxygen. Environmental Science & Technology 21 (6), 541-545.

Frimmel, F.H., Christman, R.F., 1987. Humic Substances: Keystones in the Carbon Cycle. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 2, 326-328.

Frimmel, F.H., Geywitz, J., 1987. Direct polarographic recording of metal elimination from aquatic samples by coprecipitation with ferric hydroxide. Science of the Total Environment 60, 57-65.

Frimmel, F.H., Geywitz, J., 1987. Influence of Nitrilotriacetate on the Elimination of Metal Ions by Coprecipitation with Ferric Hydroxide. Water Science and Technology 19, 1013-1019.

Frimmel, F.H., Millington, D.S., Christman, R.F., 1987. Quantifizierung organischer Substanzen in Aktivkohleextrakten mit Hilfe der Gas-Chromatographie / Massenspektrometrie. Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry 327, 149-153.

Schulten, H.R., Abbt-Braun, G., Frimmel, F.H., 1987. Time-Resolved Pyrolysis Field-Ionization Mass-Spectrometry of Humic Material Isolated from Fresh-Water. Environmental Science & Technology 21 (4), 349-357.

Fettig, J., Sontheimer, H., 1987. Kinetics of adsorption on activated carbon: III. Natural organic material. Journal of Environmental Engineering, 113 (4), 795-810.

Fettig, J., Sontheimer, H., 1987. Kinetics of adsorption on activated carbon: I. Single-solute systems. Journal of Environmental Engineering, 113 (4), 764-779.

Fettig, J., Sontheimer, H., 1987. Kinetics of adsorption on activated carbon: II. Multisolute systems. Journal of Environmental Engineering, 113 (4), 780-794.

 

1986

Braun, A.M., Frimmel, F.H., Hoigne, J., 1986. Singlet oxygen analysis in irradiated surface waters. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry 27, 137-149.

Frimmel, F.H., 1986. Zur Bestimmung organisch gebundener Heteroatome in Gewässern. Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry 324, 223-224.

Frimmel, F.H., Hopp, W., 1986. Stability spectra for the description of copper-humic complexes. A fluorescence quench study. Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry 325, 68-72.

Cornel, P., Sontheimer, H., 1986. Sorption of dissolved organics from aqueous solution by polystyrene resins-I. Resin characterization and sorption equilibrium. Chemical Engineering Science, 41 (7), 1791-1800.

Sontheimer, H., Rohmann, U., 1986. Nitrate removal. Water Supply, 5(3/4), ss10.1-ss10.8.

Cornel, P., Sontheimer, H., Scott Summers, R., Roberts, P.V., 1986. Sorption of dissolved organics from aqueous solution by polystyrene resins-II. External and internal mass transfer. Chemical Engineering Science, 41 (7), 1801-1810.

 

1985

Sontheimer, H., Brauch, H.-J., Kühn, W., 1985. Impact of different types of organic micropollutants present on sources of drinking water on the quality of drinking water. Science of the Total Environment, 47 (C), 27-44.

 

1983

Frick, B.R., Sontheimer, H., 1983. Adsorption equilibria in multisolute mixtures of known and unknown composition. Advances in Chemistry Series, 1983, 247-268.

 

1981

Sontheimer, Heinrich, Kolle, W., Snoeyink, Vernon L., 1981. Siderite model of the formation of corrosion-resistant scales. Journal of the American Water Works Association, 73 (11), 572-579.

Kühn, W., Sontheimer, H., 1981. Treatment: Improvement or deterioration of water quality? Science of the Total Environment, 18 (C), 219-233.

 

1980

Sontheimer, H., 1980. Experience with riverbank filtration along the Rhine river. Journal of the American Water Works Association, 72 (7), 386-390.

 

1978

Digiano, F.A., Baldauf, G., Frick, B., Sontheimer, H. 1978. A simplified competitive equilibrium adsorption model. Chemical Engineering Science, 33 (12), 1667-1673.

Sontheimer, H., Heilker, E., Jekel, M.R., 1978. The Mulheim process. Journal of the American Water Works Association, 70 (7), p. 393.

Kuehn, W., Sontheimer, H., Steiglitz, L., Maier, D., Kurz, R., 1978. Use of ozone and chlorine in water utilities in the Federal Republic of Germany. Journal of the American Water Works Association, 70 (6), 326-331.

 

1977

Höll, W., Sontheimer, H., 1977. Ion exchange kinetics of the protonation of weak acid ion exchange resins. Chemical Engineering Science, 32 (7), 755-762.